(Level 1 - Simple editing to Level 3 - Heavy editing)

Our team of experienced editors are experts in a wide variety of subject areas. They revise manuscripts by ensuring a consistent format is imposed, and correct punctuation, grammar and spelling are used. Issues regarding terminology, jargon, syntax, semantics and flow are solved through communication with authors.

LEVEL 1 – SIMPLE EDITING (baseline editing)
  • Correcting faulty spelling, grammar, incorrect usage, and punctuation.
  • Ensuring consistency in spelling, hyphenation, numerals, fonts, and capitalization.
  • Checking for specific cross-references, proper sequencing (such as alphabetical order) in lists and other displayed material.
  • Recording the first references to figures, tables, and other display elements.
  • Performing all tasks for Level 1 editing.
  • Changing text and headings to achieve parallel structure.
  • Flagging inappropriate figures of speech.
  • Ensuring that key terms are handled consistently and that vocabulary lists and the index contain all the terms that meet criteria specified by the publisher.
  • Ensuring that previews, summaries, and end-of-chapter questions reflect content.
  • Tracking the continuity of plot, setting, and character traits, and querying the discrepancies, in fiction manuscripts.
  • Enforcing consistent style and tone in a multi-author manuscript.
  • Changing passive voice to active voice, if requested.
  • Flagging ambiguous or incorrect statements.
  • Typemarking the manuscript.
  • Performing all tasks for medium copy editing.
  • Eliminating wordiness, triteness, and inappropriate jargon.
  • Smoothing transitions and moving sentences to improve readability.
  • Assigning new levels to heads to achieve logical structure.
  • Suggesting and sometimes implementing additions and deletions, noting them at the sentence and paragraph level.

The key differences between Level 3 and Level 2 edits are the levels of judgment and rewriting involved. In Level 3 copy edit, the editor improves the flow of text rather than simply ensuring correct usage and grammar; may suggest recasts rather than simply flagging problems; and may enforce a uniform level, tone, and focus as specified by the publisher or developmental editor